process data

Motivational and emotional orientation, engagement, and achievement in mathematics. A case study with one sixth-grade classroom working with an electronic textbook on fractions

This study revealed that emotional engagement while learning with digital tools predicted cognitive learning outcomes uniquely, while for behavioral engagement the interaction with prior knowledge was a relevant predictor.

Process data from electronic textbooks indicate students' classroom engagement

This study demonstrates a viable way to unobtrusively measure students' classroom engagement utilizing process data from electronic textbooks.

Design and research potential of interactive textbooks: the case of fractions

Computer-based learning environments introduce aspects that allow further information on learning processes to be gleaned. In this study, linear mixed models revealed a negative effect of time on task on task success, which was moderated by exercise difficulty and by student competence.